Silber

47
Ag
Gruppe
11
Periode
5
Block
d
Protonen
Elektronen
Neutronen
47
47
61
Generelle Eigenschaften
Ordnungszahl
47
Atommasse
107,8682
Massenzahl
108
Kategorie
Übergangsmetalle
Farbe
Silber
Radioaktiv
Nein
Das lateinische Wort für Silber ist argentum
Kristallstruktur
Kubisch flächenzentriert
Geschichte
Silver has been used for thousands of years for ornaments and utensils, for trade, and as the basis for many monetary systems.

Its value as a precious metal was long considered second only to gold.

Slag dumps in Asia Minor and on islands in the Aegean Sea indicate that man learned to separate silver from lead as early as 3000 BC.
Elektronen pro Schale
2, 8, 18, 18, 1
Elektronenkonfiguration
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
Ag
In ancient Egypt and Medieval Europe, silver was often more valuable than gold
Physikalische Eigenschaften
Aggregatzustand
Fest
Dichte
10,49 g/cm3
Schmelzpunkt
1234,93 K | 961,78 °C | 1763,2 °F
Siedepunkt
2435,15 K | 2162 °C | 3923,6 °F
Schmelzwärme
11,3 kJ/mol
Verdampfungswärme
255 kJ/mol
Spezifische Wärmekapazität
0,235 J/g·K
Häufigkeit in der Erdkruste
7,9×10-6%
Häufigkeit im Universum
6×10-8%
A
Danksagungen für Bilder: Wikimedia Commons (Alchemist-hp)
A pure silver crystal, synthetic electrolytic made with visible dendritic structures
CAS-Nummer
7440-22-4
PubChem CID Number
23954
Atomeigenschaften
Atomradius
144 pm
Kovalenter Radius
145 pm
Elektronegativität
1,93 (Pauling-Skala)
Ionisierungsenergie
7,5762 eV
Molares Volumen
10,3 cm3/mol
Wärmeleitfähigkeit
4,29 W/cm·K
Oxidationszustände
1, 2, 3
Anwendung
Silver has long been valued as a precious metal, and is used as an investment, to make ornaments, jewelry, high-value tableware, utensils, and currency coins.

It is also used in electrical contacts and conductors, in mirrors and in catalysis of chemical reactions.

Its compounds are used in photographic film, and dilute silver nitrate solutions and other silver compounds are used as disinfectants and microbiocides
Silver is considered to be non-toxic
Isotope
Stabile Isotope
107Ag, 109Ag
Instabile Isotope
93Ag, 94Ag, 95Ag, 96Ag, 97Ag, 98Ag, 99Ag, 100Ag, 101Ag, 102Ag, 103Ag, 104Ag, 105Ag, 106Ag, 108Ag, 110Ag, 111Ag, 112Ag, 113Ag, 114Ag, 115Ag, 116Ag, 117Ag, 118Ag, 119Ag, 120Ag, 121Ag, 122Ag, 123Ag, 124Ag, 125Ag, 126Ag, 127Ag, 128Ag, 129Ag, 130Ag