Zink

30
Zn
Gruppe
12
Periode
4
Block
d
Protonen
Elektronen
Neutronen
30
30
35
Generelle Eigenschaften
Ordnungszahl
30
Atommasse
65,38
Massenzahl
65
Kategorie
Übergangsmetalle
Farbe
Schiefergrau
Radioaktiv
Nein
From the German word Zink, of obscure origin
Kristallstruktur
Einfach hexagonal
Geschichte
Metallic zinc was produced in the 13th century A.D. India by reducing calamine with organic substances such as wool.

The metal was rediscovered in Europe by Andreas Sigismund Marggraf in 1746.

He heated a mixture of calamine ore and carbon in a closed vessel without copper to produce the metal.
Elektronen pro Schale
2, 8, 18, 2
Elektronenkonfiguration
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
Zn
Zinc is referred to in nonscientific contexts as spelter
Physikalische Eigenschaften
Aggregatzustand
Fest
Dichte
7,134 g/cm3
Schmelzpunkt
692,68 K | 419,53 °C | 787,15 °F
Siedepunkt
1180,15 K | 907 °C | 1664,6 °F
Schmelzwärme
7,35 kJ/mol
Verdampfungswärme
119 kJ/mol
Spezifische Wärmekapazität
0,388 J/g·K
Häufigkeit in der Erdkruste
0,0078%
Häufigkeit im Universum
0,00003%
A
Danksagungen für Bilder: Images-of-elements
A sheet of zinc
CAS-Nummer
7440-66-6
PubChem CID Number
23994
Atomeigenschaften
Atomradius
134 pm
Kovalenter Radius
122 pm
Elektronegativität
1,65 (Pauling-Skala)
Ionisierungsenergie
9,3942 eV
Molares Volumen
9,2 cm3/mol
Wärmeleitfähigkeit
1,16 W/cm·K
Oxidationszustände
1, 2
Anwendung
Because of its corrosion resistance, zinc is often plated to other metals in a process called galvanization.

Zinc is an essential trace element for animals and plants.

Large quantities of zinc are used to produce die castings, which are used extensively by the automotive, electrical, and hardware industries.
Zinc is not considered to be particularly toxic
Isotope
Stabile Isotope
64Zn, 66Zn, 67Zn, 68Zn, 70Zn
Instabile Isotope
54Zn, 55Zn, 56Zn, 57Zn, 58Zn, 59Zn, 60Zn, 61Zn, 62Zn, 63Zn, 65Zn, 69Zn, 71Zn, 72Zn, 73Zn, 74Zn, 75Zn, 76Zn, 77Zn, 78Zn, 79Zn, 80Zn, 81Zn, 82Zn, 83Zn