Quecksilber

80
Hg
Gruppe
12
Periode
6
Block
d
Protonen
Elektronen
Neutronen
80
80
121
Generelle Eigenschaften
Ordnungszahl
80
Atommasse
200,59
Massenzahl
201
Kategorie
Übergangsmetalle
Farbe
Silber
Radioaktiv
Nein
Aus dem Lateinischen hydrargyrum (flüssiges Silber)
Kristallstruktur
Einfach Trigonal
Geschichte
Mercury was known to the ancient Chinese and Indians and has been found in Egyptian tombs dating back to about 1500 BC.

Alchemists thought of mercury as the First Matter from which all metals were formed.

They believed that different metals could be produced by varying the quality and quantity of sulfur contained within the mercury.
Elektronen pro Schale
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
Elektronenkonfiguration
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
Hg
Mercury is the only metal that is liquid at room temperature
Physikalische Eigenschaften
Aggregatzustand
Flüssig
Dichte
13,5336 g/cm3
Schmelzpunkt
234,32 K | -38,83 °C | -37,89 °F
Siedepunkt
630,15 K | 357 °C | 674,6 °F
Schmelzwärme
2,29 kJ/mol
Verdampfungswärme
59,2 kJ/mol
Spezifische Wärmekapazität
0,14 J/g·K
Häufigkeit in der Erdkruste
6,7×10-6%
Häufigkeit im Universum
1×10-7%
Element
Danksagungen für Bilder: Wikimedia Commons (Bionerd)
Element mercury in liquid form
CAS-Nummer
7439-97-6
PubChem CID Number
23931
Atomeigenschaften
Atomradius
151 pm
Kovalenter Radius
132 pm
Elektronegativität
2,00 (Pauling-Skala)
Ionisierungsenergie
10,4375 eV
Molares Volumen
14,82 cm3/mol
Wärmeleitfähigkeit
0,0834 W/cm·K
Oxidationszustände
1, 2, 4
Anwendung
Mercury is used in barometers and manometers because of its high density.

Gaseous mercury is used in mercury-vapor lamps and some 'neon sign' type advertising signs and fluorescent lamps.

Mercury is also found in liquid mirror telescopes.

Gaseous mercury is also found in some electron tubes, including ignitrons, thyratrons, and mercury arc rectifiers.
Mercury and most of its compounds are highly toxic
Isotope
Stabile Isotope
196Hg, 198Hg, 199Hg, 200Hg, 201Hg, 202Hg, 204Hg
Instabile Isotope
171Hg, 172Hg, 173Hg, 174Hg, 175Hg, 176Hg, 177Hg, 178Hg, 179Hg, 180Hg, 181Hg, 182Hg, 183Hg, 184Hg, 185Hg, 186Hg, 187Hg, 188Hg, 189Hg, 190Hg, 191Hg, 192Hg, 193Hg, 194Hg, 195Hg, 197Hg, 203Hg, 205Hg, 206Hg, 207Hg, 208Hg, 209Hg, 210Hg